Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Person-Centered Care

  • Danilo Garcia
  • Kevin M. Cloninger
  • Kristian Molander-Söderholm
  • Lil Carleheden Ottosson
  • Inger Jönsson
  • Max Rapp Riccciardi
  • Andrzej Zielinski
  • Farhad Haddad Nik
  • Erik Lindskär
  • Ali Al Nima
  • Cecilia Fagerström
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2304-1

Synonyms

Definition

Person-centered care is a model for health care that involves a biopsychosocial approach on health (physical, psychological, and social) and the person (body, mind, and psyche; Cloninger 2004, 2013a, b) through the alliance between the one giving care and the one seeking care as equal partners. One of the main aims is to implement a process that goes beyond the diagnostic formulation of identifying a disease state or ill-health, that is, a process of total health status, including ill-being and well-being (Mezzich et al. 2016). A second main aim is to empower the person seeking care to make self-directed informed choices to promote well-being in all planes of her/his life by including her/his subjective narratives, values, and meanings of illness and health as well as personal preferences and choices in treatment and care (Wong and Cloninger 2010). A third main aim is the promotion of a working alliance in the health care process (Rogers 1946;...

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Notes

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that there are no competing interests. The views and ideas expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of any agency of the Swedish government. All authors work at the Blekinge Center of Competence, which is the Blekinge County Council’s research, development, and innovation unit (http://ltblekinge.se/forskning-och-utveckling/blekinge-kompetenscentrum/). The Center works with interdisciplinary scientific research using person-centered methods to conduct community projects and the dissemination of knowledge in order to increase physical, psychological, and social health among the inhabitants of the county of Blekinge, Sweden.

The work of the Center includes a formal collaboration between the Blekinge County Council and the five municipalities in Blekinge, as well as collaboration with national (e.g., Blekinge Institute of Technology, Lund University) and international universities (e.g., Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis). The Center also includes a scientific council for the distribution of research grants. The project leaders at the Center engage in external projects in collaboration with the municipalities of Blekinge, as well as projects that focus on the development and mapping of evidence for public health practices. The Center is also a major hub for scientific projects with both national and international coverage (e.g., Rikssår, Sustainable Personal Development). The project leaders also conduct projects that focus on the development of the infrastructure of hospitals and clinics in Blekinge.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danilo Garcia
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Kevin M. Cloninger
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Kristian Molander-Söderholm
    • 1
    • 3
  • Lil Carleheden Ottosson
    • 1
  • Inger Jönsson
    • 1
  • Max Rapp Riccciardi
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Andrzej Zielinski
    • 1
  • Farhad Haddad Nik
    • 1
  • Erik Lindskär
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ali Al Nima
    • 1
    • 3
  • Cecilia Fagerström
    • 1
  1. 1.Blekinge Center of CompetenceBlekinge County CouncilKarlskronaSweden
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Network for Empowerment and Well-BeingKarlskronaSweden
  4. 4.Anthropedia FoundationSt. LouisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA