Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Weiss, Alexander

  • Alexander WeissEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2072-1

Early Life and Educational Background

Weiss was born on June 20, 1971, in Frankfurt, Germany. Before earning his Ph.D. in Ethology and Evolutionary Psychology from the University of Arizona in 2002 under the supervision of James E. King, he earned his B.A. in Psychology from California State University, Los Angeles, in 1993, and his M.A. in Interdisciplinary Studies (Psychology and Biology) from the Los Angeles and California State University, Long Beach, in 1996 under the supervision of Donald R. Nelson and Kenneth F. Green. During his doctoral studies, he won the Behavior Genetics Association’s Thompson Award for best presentation by an association member. After earning his Ph.D., Weiss won an Intramural Research Training Award from the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health where he was supervised by Paul T. Costa, Jr. from 2002 to 2005.

Professional Career

Weiss has been teaching in the Department of Psychology at the University of Edinburgh from 2005 to...


Nonhuman Primate Cognitive Ageing Psychosomatic Medicine Comparative Psychology Behavior Genetic 
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Selected Bibliography

  1. Adams, M. J., King, J. E., & Weiss, A. (2012). The majority of genetic variation in orangutan personality and subjective well-being is nonadditive. Behavior Genetics, 42(4), 675–686. doi:10.1007/s10519-012-9537-y.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Adams, M. J., Majolo, B., Ostner, J., Schülke, O., Marco, A. D., Thierry, B., & Weiss, A. (2015). Personality structure and social style in macaques. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 109(2), 338–353. doi:10.1037/pspp0000041.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Costa, P. T., Jr., Weiss, A., Duberstein, P. R., Friedman, B., & Siegler, I. C. (2014). Personality facets and all-cause mortality among Medicare patients aged 66 to 102 years: A follow-on study of Weiss and Costa (2005). Psychosomatic Medicine, 76(5), 370–378. doi:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000070.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Inoue-Murayama, M., Kawamura, S., & Weiss, A. (2011). From genes to animal behavior: Social structures, personalities, communication by color. Tokyo: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. King, J. E., Weiss, A., & Farmer, K. H. (2005). A chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) analogue of cross-national generalization of personality structure: Zoological parks and an African sanctuary. Journal of Personality, 73(2), 389–410. doi:10.1111/j.1467-6494.2005.00313.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Phillips, A. C., Batty, G. D., Weiss, A., Deary, I. J., Gale, C. R., Thomas, G. N., & Carroll, D. (2010). Neuroticism, cognitive ability, and the metabolic syndrome: The Vietnam Experience Study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 69(2), 193–201. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2010.01.016.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Weiss, A., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (2005). Domain and facet personality predictors of all-cause mortality among medicare patients aged 65 to 100. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67(5), 724–733. doi:10.1097/01.psy.0000181272.58103.18.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Weiss, A., & King, J. E. (2015). Great ape origins of personality maturation and sex differences: A study of orangutans and chimpanzees. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 108(4), 648–663. doi:10.1037/pspp0000022.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Weiss, A., King, J. E., & Enns, R. M. (2002). Subjective well-being is heritable and genetically correlated with dominance in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(5), 1141–1149. doi:10.1037//0022-3514.83.5.1141.Google Scholar
  10. Weiss, A., King, J. E., & Perkins, L. (2006). Personality and subjective well-being in orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus and Pongo abelii). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(3), 501–511. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.90.3.501.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Weiss, A., Bates, T. C., & Luciano, M. (2008). Happiness is a personal(ity) thing: The genetics of personality and well-being in a representative sample. Psychological Science, 19(3), 205–210. doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02068.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Weiss, A., Gale, C. R., Batty, G. D., & Deary, I. J. (2009). Emotionally stable, intelligent men live longer: The Vietnam experience study cohort. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71(4), 385–394. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e318198de78.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Weiss, A., King, J. E., & Murray, L. (2011). Personality and temperament in nonhuman primates. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Weiss, A., King, J. E., Inoue-Murayama, M., Matsuzawa, T., & Oswald, A. J. (2012). Evidence for a midlife crisis in great apes consistent with the U-shape in human well-being. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(49), 19949–19952. doi:10.1073/pnas.1212592109.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Weiss, A., Gartner, M. C., Gold, K. C., & Stoinski, T. S. (2013). Extraversion predicts longer survival in gorillas: An 18-year longitudinal study. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 280(1752), 20122231. doi:10.1098/rspb.2012.2231.CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  16. Weiss, A., Staes, N., Stevens, J. M. G., Pereboom, J. J. M., Inoue-Murayama, M., & Eens, M. (2015). Personality in bonobos. Psychological Science, 26(9), 1430–1439. doi:10.1177/0956797615589933.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of EdinburghEdinburghUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christopher Holden
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA