Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Parent-Child Relationships

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1866-1

Synonyms

Definition

Parent-child relationships refer to the unique and influential relations between parents and their children – either biological or adoptive.

Introduction

Of the many distinct and even lasting relationships individuals develop in the course of a lifetime, one’s relationships with his or her parents are among the (if not the) most influential. The term “parent-child relationship” refers to the unique and significant affiliation between a parent and child. Legally, the parent-child relationship is defined as the relationship between an individual and their biological offspring or between an individual and a child he or she has legally adopted. Thus, at a first glance, parent-child relationships take one of two basic forms: biological or adoptive, with only biological parents sharing genetic material with their offspring. Of course, there is much more to the parent-child relationship than DNA;...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & Van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2009). The first 10,000 adult attachment interviews: Distributions of adult attachment representations in non-clinical and clinical groups. Attachment & Human Development, 11, 223–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baumrind, D. (1971). Current patterns of parental authority. Developmental Psychology, 4, 1–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bowlby, J. (1973). Attachment and loss: Vol. 2. Separation. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  4. Bowlby, J. (1982). Attachment and loss: Vol. 1. Attachment. New York: Basic Books. (Original work published 1969).Google Scholar
  5. Cox, M. J., Paley, B., & Harter, K. (2001). Interparental conflict and parent-child relationships. In J. Grych & F. Fincham (Eds.), Interparental conflict and child development: Theory, research, and applications (pp. 249–272). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fraley, R. C. (2002). Attachment stability from infancy to adulthood: Meta-analysis and dynamic modeling of developmental mechanisms. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 123–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Grusec, J. E., Goodnow, J. J., & Kuczynksi, L. (2000). New directions in analyses of parenting contributions to children’s acquisition of values. Child Development, 71, 205–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Laursen, B., Coy, K. C., & Collins, W. A. (1998). Reconsidering changes in parent-child conflict across adolescence: A meta-analysis. Child Development, 69(3), 817–832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Shanahan, L., & Sobolewski, J. M. (2003). Child effects as family process. In A. Crouter & A. Booth (Eds.), Children’s influence on family dynamics: The neglected side of family relationships (pp. 237–252). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Purdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA