Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Actor-Partner Interdependence Model

  • Gillian McCabeEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1197-1

Definition

The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM ; Kashy and Kenny 1999; Kenny 1996) is a conceptual model of interpersonal relationships that accounts for the lack of independence often observed between pairs of individuals (or dyads).

Introduction

Individuals exert influence on – and are influenced by – those within their social environment. When research focuses on dyads, as is often the case in developmental research (e.g., parent-child, sibling-sibling), educational research (e.g., teacher-student), and relationship research (e.g., romantic partners, roommates), it is likely that the responses of individuals within each dyad are not independent. This is because individuals are likely influenced by the characteristics of their dyad and the qualities of the other dyad member (Little and Card 2005). When this lack of independence (referred to as interdependence) is unaccounted for, it can bias significance tests (e.g., increase type I errors; Kenny and Judd 1986). The APIM...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Campbell, L., & Kashy, D. A. (2002). Estimating actor, partner, and interaction effects for dyadic data using PROC MIXED and HLM: A user-friendly guide. Personal Relationships, 9, 327–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Kashy, D. A., & Kenny, D. A. (1999). The analysis of data from dyads and groups. In H. T. Reis & C. M. Judd (Eds.), Handbook of research methods in social psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Kenny, D. A. (1996). Models of nonindependence in dyadic research. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 13, 279–294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Kenny, D. A., & Judd, C. M. (1986). Consequences of violating the independence assumption in analysis of variance. Psychological Bulletin, 99, 422–431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kenny, D. A., Kashy, D. A., & Cook, W. L. (2006). Analyzing mixed independent variables: The actor-partner interdependence model. In D. A. Kenny, D. A. Kashy, & W. L. Cook (Eds.), Dyadic data analysis (pp. 144–184). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  6. Little, T. D., & Card, N. A. (2005). On the use of social relations and actor–partner interdependence models in developmental research. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 29, 173–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ashton Southard
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA