Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Active Coping Strategies

  • Patrick GaudreauEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1119-1



Active coping is a broad term that captures the many behavioral and cognitive strategies by which a person tries to actively manage the demands of a stressful situation and the resulting emotional and physiological reactions.


In our daily parlance, people frequently use the words cope or coping to designate a successful attempt at facing, dealing with, mastering, or overcoming a stressful situation. In their seminal research program, Lazarus and Folkman (1984) proposed a different approach and defined coping as the behavioral and cognitive efforts to manage the demands of a situation. Defining coping as efforts rather than as a successful outcome allows researchers to consider both the effective and ineffective attempts to handle a stressor as legitimate demonstrations of the coping construct. As a result,...

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Preparation of this entry was prepared while Patrick Gaudreau was funded by a research grant from Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (#435-2015-0649). It was also facilitated by a teaching release awarded by the Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ottawa.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OttawaOttawaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christian H. Jordan
    • 1
  1. 1.Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada