Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Academic Self-Concept

  • Munirah Shaik KadirEmail author
  • Alexander Seeshing Yeung
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1118-1



In a general sense, academic self-concept (ASC) can be defined as one’s academic self-perceptions or one’s perception of one’s general ability in school (Shavelson et al. 1976). This conceptualization of ASC was part of the multidimensional and hierarchical self-concept model for students proposed by Shavelson et al. (1976) and later modified by Marsh and Shavelson (1985). The model puts global self-concept at the apex of the self-concept hierarchy which then branches into two separate facets: (1) ASC and (2) non-ASC, each of which further branches out into specific domains (see Shavelson et al. 1976, p. 413).


Academic self-concept (ASC) has been widely researched, with studies spanning over four decades. The prominence of this research is due to the associations found between ASC and a wide range of educational and behavioral outcomes (Marsh and Craven 2006). These outcomes include achievement (e.g., Kadir et...


Educational Outcome Math Achievement Academic Domain Personal Construct Psychology Reciprocal Effect Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Munirah Shaik Kadir
    • 1
    Email author
  • Alexander Seeshing Yeung
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Positive Psychology and EducationAustralian Catholic UniversityStrathfieldAustralia
  2. 2.Australian Catholic UniversityStrathfieldAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christian Jordan
    • 1
  1. 1.Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada