Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Sonya Dal CinEmail author
  • Michael P. Hall
  • Daniel S. Lane
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1117-1


Absorption is a distinct cognitive style of “total” attention that fully engages one’s representational (i.e., perceptual, enactive, imaginative, and ideational) resources and amplifies one aspect of reality over others (Tellegen and Atkinson 1974). Trait absorption is theorized to have a cognitive component, including flexibility of mental representation (e.g., “If I wish I can imagine (or daydream) some things so vividly that they hold my attention as a good movie or story does”) and a motivational-affective component similar to openness to experience (e.g., “Sometimes I feel as if my mind could envelope the whole world”).

Experience of Absorption

Those high in absorption are predisposed to experiences of altered sense of reality, which is phenomenologically vivid in the moment, but may appear in retrospect to be “unreal” or “imaginary.” Indeed, high absorption scores are correlated with trait hypnotic susceptibility (Tellegen and Atkinson 1974). More recent research has...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonya Dal Cin
    • 1
    Email author
  • Michael P. Hall
    • 2
  • Daniel S. Lane
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Communication StudiesUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christian Jordan
    • 1
  1. 1.Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada