Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Disinhibition

  • Rita Pasion
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1065-1

Synonyms

Definition

Phenotypic propensity toward inhibitory control problems, comprising behavioral manifestations of impulsive action, urgency, lack of planfulness, impatience, distractibility, boredom susceptibility, irresponsibility, risk taking, and sensation and novelty seeking.

Introduction

The definition of disinhibition is not consensual. As an umbrella concept, disinhibition interacts with several other constructs that are frequently used in the literature to describe a tendency toward inhibitory control problems. For example, disinhibition and impulsivity (see impulsivity in Winstanley) are frequently used as interchangeable constructs. However, disinhibition may be conceptualized as a general background for behavioral impulsivity (Luria 1969).

Disinhibition is a complex multifaceted construct. From the literature review, the most consensual and prominent phenotypic expressions of disinhibition include impulsive action, a sense of...

Keywords

Personality Disorder Antisocial Personality Disorder Effortful Control Psychopathic Trait Borderline Personality Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Neuropsychophysiology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational SciencesUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Católica Porto Business SchoolPortoPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Beth A. Visser
    • 1
  1. 1.Lakehead UniversityOrilliaCanada