Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Wechsler Intelligence Scales

  • Kirk V. Szczepkowski
  • George J. DemakisEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1036-1

Introduction

The Wechsler intelligence scales, considered by some to be among the most psychometrically strong measures of intelligence, are the most frequently used tests in the practice of clinical psychology (Groth-Marnat and Wright 2016). The most current versions of these scales include the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – Fourth Edition (Wechsler 2008), the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – Fifth Edition (Wechsler 2014), the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence – Fourth Edition (Wechsler 2012), and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence – Second Edition (Wechsler 2011). From the WPPSI-IV to the WAIS-IV, these measures provide a measure of intellectual functioning of individuals across the lifespan (2 years, 6 months to 90 years, and 11 months old) from diverse clinical and nonclinical populations (Groth-Marnat and Wright 2016).

Background and Theory

David Wechsler’s first exposure to intelligence testing was as a member of the U.S. Army during...

Keywords

Fourth Edition Intelligence Scale Intellectual Functioning Intelligence Test Adult Intelligence Scale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Boake, C. (2002). From the Binet-Simon to the Wechsler-Bellevue: Tracing the history of intelligence testing. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24(3), 383–405. doi:10.1076/jcen.24.3.383.981.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Flanagan, D. P., McGrew, K. S., & Ortiz, S. O. (2000). The Wechsler intelligence scales and gf-gc theory: A contemporary approach to interpretation. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  3. Groth-Marnat, G., & Wright, A. J. (2016). Handbook of psychological assessment (6th ed.). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Kaufman, A. S., & Lichtenberger, E. O. (2006). Assessing adolescent and adult intelligence (3rd ed.). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Wasserman, J. D. (2012). A history of intelligence assessment: The unfinished tapestry. In D. P. Flanagan & P. L. Harrison (Eds.), Contemporary intellectual assessment: Theories, tests, and issues (3rd ed., pp. 1–55). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  6. Wechsler, D. (1939). The measurement of adult Intelligence. Baltimore: Williams & Witkins.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Wechsler, D. (1946). The Wechsler-Bellevue intelligence scale, form II: Manual for administering and scoring the test. New York: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  8. Wechsler, D. (1955). Wechsler adult intelligence scale. New York: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  9. Wechsler, D. (1967). Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence. New York: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  10. Wechsler, D. (1991). Wechsler intelligence scale for children (3rd ed). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  11. Wechsler, D. (1997). Wechsler adult intelligence scale (3rd ed.). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  12. Wechsler, D. (2002). Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence (3rd ed). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  13. Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler intelligence scale for children (4th ed). San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.Google Scholar
  14. Wechsler, D. (2008). Wechsler adult intelligence scale (4th ed.). San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar
  15. Wechsler, D. (2011). Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence (2nd ed.). San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar
  16. Wechsler, D. (2012). Wechsler preschool and primary scale of intelligence (4th ed.). San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar
  17. Wechsler, D. (2014). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for children (5th ed.). San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar
  18. Wechsler, D., & Edwards, A. J. (1974). Selected papers of David Wechsler. New York: Academic.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina CharlotteCharlotteUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charlie Reeve
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North Carolina-CharlotteCharlotteUSA