Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

  • Sydney E. Park
  • George J. DemakisEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1035-1

Introduction

The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children family of tests, of which the fifth edition (WISC-V) is the newest edition, are some of the most frequently used measures of intelligence in children today. The WISC was derived from the Wechsler-Bellevue Intelligence Scale Form II in 1949 in order to evaluate the intelligence of children ages 5:0 to 15:11; the ages were subsequently adjusted to 6:0 to 16:11 in the first revision (WISC-R 1974) and maintained throughout the remaining revisions (Kaufman et al. 2016). There have been four revisions thus far (WISC-R, WISC-III 1991; WISC-IV 2003; WISC-V 2014), each of which have added and removed various subtests and indices; however, the overall structure has remained the same. This most recent revision made the test easier and more efficient to administer and provided an updated standardization sample. It provides a wider range of clinical utility than prior versions, as it can be utilized in diverse populations, as well as a...

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References

  1. Kaufman, A. S., Raiford, S. E., & Coalson, D. L. (2016). Intelligence testing with the WISC-V. Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  2. Keith, T. Z., Fine, J. G., Taub, G. E., Reynolds, M. R., & Kranzler, J. H. (2006). Higher order, multisample, confirmatory factor analysis of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition: What does it measure? School Psychology Review, 35(1), 108–127.Google Scholar
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  7. Weiss, L. G., Keith, T. Z., Zhu, J., & Chen, H. (2013). WISC-IV and clinical validation of the four- and five factor interpretive approaches. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 31(2), 114–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Psychology ProgramUniversity of North Carolina CharlotteCharlotteUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charlie Reeve
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North Carolina-CharlotteCharlotteUSA