Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

  • Kirk V. Szczepkowski
  • George J. DemakisEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1034-1

Synonyms

Introduction

The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) is the most frequently used measure of adult intelligence today (Groth-Marnat and Wright 2016). The history of the WAIS-IV can be traced back to the early work of the test’s namesake, David Wechsler. When he was hired as the Chief Psychologist at Bellevue Psychiatric Hospital in 1932, Wechsler was confronted with the need for a suitable measure of adult intelligence. Having worked closely with many influential psychologists and researchers in the areas of intelligence and assessment, Wechsler developed his first scale of adult intelligence. He published the Wechsler-Bellevue Scale in 1939 and the Wechsler-Bellevue Form II in 1946. From these two measures, Wechsler would go on to publish the WAIS in 1955 and the WAIS-Revised (WAIS-R) in 1981 just before his death (Boake 2002).

The WAIS-IV is the fourth revision of the WAIS. The measure has been shown to have significant utility among...

Keywords

Mild Cognitive Impairment Intellectual Disability Intellectual Functioning Adult Intelligence Adult Intelligence Scale 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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References

  1. Boake, C. (2002). From the Binet-Simon to the Wechsler-Bellevue: Tracing the history of intelligence testing. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24(3), 383–405. doi:10.1076/jcen.24.3.383.981.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Erdodi, L. A., Abeare, C. A., Lichtenstein, J. D., Tyson, B. T., Kucharski, B., Zuccato, B. G., & Roth, R. M. (2016). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV) processing speed scores as measures of noncredible responding: The third generation of embedded performance validity indicators. Psychological Assessment. doi:10.1037/pas0000319.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Groth-Marnat, G., & Wright, A. J. (2016). Handbook of psychological assessment (6th ed.). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Lichtenberger, E. O., & Kaufman, A. S. (2013). Essentials of WAIS-IV assessment (2nd ed.). Hoboken: Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Nelson, J. M., Canivez, G. L., & Watkins, M. W. (2013). Structural and incremental validity of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Fourth Edition with a clinical sample. Psychological Assessment, 25(2), 618–630. doi:10.1037/a0032086.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Sattler, J. M., & Ryan, J. J. (2009). Assessment with the WAIS-IV. San Diego: Jerome M. Sattler.Google Scholar
  7. Wechsler, D. (2008a). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – Fourth Edition administration and scoring manual. San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar
  8. Wechsler, D. (2008b). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale – Fourth Edition technical and interpretive manual. San Antonio: Pearson.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of North Carolina CharlotteCharlotteUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charlie Reeve
    • 1
  1. 1.University of North Carolina-CharlotteCharlotteUSA