Treatment of Diabetes with Lifestyle Changes: Physical Activity
Lifestyle improvements, like dietary changes and increased physical activity, are typically advocated for the cure, prevention, and reversion of several metabolic diseases, including diabetes mellitus. The non-pharmacological low-cost nature, along with the health-related benefits, increases the therapeutical appeal of regular physical activity. In the comprehensive approach of diabetes management, regular physical activity reduces risk of many diseases to which individuals with diabetes, particularly those with type 2 diabetes mellitus, are predisposed: hypertension, coronary heart diseases, and obesity.
The present chapter covers how exercise can facilitate optimal glucose control and lipid levels, assist in weight management, and prevent exacerbation of underlying diabetes-complications, moving medicine forward, far beyond the simplistic motto of “exercise more.”
KeywordsDiabetes management Exercise benefits Physical activity
List of Abbreviations
Continuous glucose monitoring
Fasting blood glucose
Glucose transporter 4
High density lipoproteins
Information and communication technologies
Impaired glucose tolerance
Self-monitoring of blood glucose
Duality of Interest
No potential conflicts of interest relevant to this chapter were reported.
All authors were responsible for drafting the manuscript and revising it critically for valuable intellectual content. All authors approved the version to be published.
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
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