Accountability and Corruption, Europe

Reference work entry



Blackmail; Bribery; Coercion; Crime; Crookedness; Degeneracy; Dishonesty; Exploitation; Extortion; Fraud; Fraudulence; Immorality; Impurity; Jobbery; Malfeasance; Misrepresentation; Moral; Nepotism; Profiteering; Racket; Shuffle; Trust; Unscrupulousness; Venality


Answerability; Liability; Obligation; Reporting; Responsibility; Transparency


The most widely accepted definition of corruption is that provided by Transparency International ( According to this prestigious institution, corruption can be defined as “the abuse of power for private gain.” Recent years have seen a consensus in classifying corruption as grand, petty, and political, depending on the amount of money lost and the sector in which this occurs.

Grand corruption is the realization of acts at high levels of government which distort the policies or functioning of public administrations, in a manner that some benefit at the expense of public goods...

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Economics and BusinessUniversity of MurciaMurciaSpain