Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Science and Religion Compatibility

  • Christopher StarrattEmail author
  • Gerene Starratt
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3282-1


Science and religion are two fundamental ways that we have of understanding ourselves and the universe within which we exist. Both science and religion assert authority in the world. That is, both have – and utilize – “the power to influence or command thought, opinion, or behavior” (Merriam-Webster) in their respective areas of purview.

Science is the systematic study of the physical and natural world.

Religion is defined in a number of ways. For the purpose of this discussion, we will define religion as a shared system of beliefs, moral code, faith, and worship, with a focus on a god or similar supernatural forces. It is relevant to highlight the distinction between the practice of religion as the perspectives and actions of groups of people in regard to their faith (i.e., praxis) and the tenets of a particular faith (i.e., theology). While the practice of faith can be studied using quantitative and qualitative research methods, the tenetsof faith are difficult, if not...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Barry UniversityMiamiUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Valerie G. Starratt
    • 1
  1. 1.Nova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA