Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Language Acquisition outside the Home

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2418-1



Processes by which first and/or additional languages are developed through interaction with language users and resources beyond the immediate family.


First language acquisition studies typically observe parent-child interactions longitudinally in order to identify patterns of language development. Studies of language acquisition outside the home may focus on the role of formal education or of social interaction with peers either in face-to-face contexts or increasingly in online environments.

Views of Acquisition

In the second half of the last century, the two broad views of language acquisition, whether the acquisition of a first language or that of an additional language, were an innatist perspective, typified by the work of Chomsky (1957) and a socio-constructivist perspective, building on the work of Bruner (1983) and others. While initially presented as competing models, it is...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université Paris DescartesParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Carey Fitzgerald
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South Carolina - BeaufortBlufftonUSA