Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Same-Sex Relationships

  • Jacob M. VigilEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2400-1

Synonyms

Definition

Same-sex relationships are intimate affiliations between individuals of the same chromosomal sex and/or gender that typically share homogenous characteristics such as age and social status.

Introduction

The formation of same-sex relationships evolved to provide a context for humans to engage in reciprocal interchanges of resources with and learn sexually specialized behaviors from conspecifics. Same-sex relationships also serve as the ecological context in which intrasexually selected characteristics are expressed and moderate certain social fitness outcomes.

Evolutionary Origins

The social nature of humans consists of sexually specialized cognitive and behavioral adaptations that are developed and expressed in the context of and ultimately function for regulating same-sex relationships. These relationships evolved in humans and other socially dependent animals for...

Keywords

Social Agent Coalition Member Health Promotion Behavior Reciprocal Altruism Ancestral Environment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Vigil, J. M. (2007). Asymmetries in the social styles and friendship preferences of men and women. Human Nature, 18, 143–161.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Vigil, J. M. (2008). Sex differences in affect behaviors, desired social responses, and accuracy at understanding the social desires of other people. Evolutionary Psychology, 6, 506–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Vigil, J. M. (2009). A socio-relational framework of sex differences in the expression of emotion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 32, 375–428.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Vigil, J. M., & Alcock, J. (2014). Tough guys or cry babies? Disentangling the role of examiner gender on patient pain reports. Pain Research & Management, 19, e9–e12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Vigil, J. M., & Coulombe, P. (2011). Biological sex and audience affects pain intensity and observational coding of other people’s pain behaviors. Pain, 152, 2125–2130.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Vigil, J. M., Coulombe, P., & Dukes, A. (2011). The epidemiology of sex differences in self-esteem: A test of two explanatory models. In S. De Wals & K. Meszaros (Eds.), Handbook on psychology of self-esteem (pp. 101–118). Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers Inc.Google Scholar
  7. Vigil, J. M., Rowell, N., Chouteau, S., Chavez, A., Jaramillo, E., Neal, M., & Waid, D. (2013). Sex differences in how social networks and relationship quality influence experimental pain sensitivity. PLoS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078663.Google Scholar
  8. Vigil, J. M., Coulombe, P., & Strenth, C. R. (2014). Sex differences in social cognition responses are associated with peer network structures and ethnic backgrounds. In S. R. Nasato (Ed.), Advances in social cognition research (pp. 1–26). Hauppauge: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. Vigil, J. M., Strenth, C. R., Mueller, A. A., DiDomenico, J., Guevara Beltran, D., Coulombe, P., & Smith, J. E. (2015). The curse of curves; sex differences in the associations between body shape and pain expression. Human Nature, 26(2), 235–254.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Carey Fitzgerald
    • 1
  1. 1.University of South Carolina - BeaufortBlufftonUSA