Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Male Friendship

  • Gareth CrazeEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2252-1



Friendly relationships between related or unrelated males.

The developmental rationale underpinning friendship is well-substantiated in the literature. The process of developing and maintaining friendly bonds with kith is crucial for human children to develop Theory of Mind, interpersonal reasoning, and their faculties for moral judgment. Friendships also serve as a form of social training ground; one in which our earliest instances of developing empathy, forming coalitions, and resolving conflicts begins to take root.

Male-male friendship – what has often colloquially come to be referred to as male bonding or “bromance” (Tiger 2017) – possesses unique dimensions from both an evolutionary and a developmental perspective. From early childhood, male-male friendships are characteristically defined by a greater frequency of rough-and-tumble play, rehearsed belligerence, participation in games governed by...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kevin Kniffin
    • 1
  1. 1.Cornell UniversityIthacaUSA