Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Sexting

  • Joris Van Ouytsel
  • Michel Walrave
  • Koen Ponnet
  • Jeff R. Temple
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_218-1

Definition

The sending of self-made sexually explicit text message, photographs, or videos through electronic media.

Introduction

Scholars have defined sexting in a variety of ways, from broad definitions that include the sending of all types of self-made sexually explicit media (Barrense-Dias et al. 2017) to more specific definitions that are limited to sending photos and videos of particular body parts. Studies also differ in the timeframe; respondents were asked to recall (e.g., 6 months vs. a year), and whether the studies were conducted among adolescents or adults. This discrepancy in methodology has resulted in muddling the accuracy of research findings (Barrense-Dias et al. 2017). For example, the prevalence of sexting defined as the sending of both sexually explicit text messages and photographs has ranged from about 1% to 30% for adolescents and as high as 57% for young adults (Klettke et al. (2014).

While sexting can take place through all types of electronic media,...

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References

  1. Barrense-Dias, Y., Berchtold, A., Surís, J.-C., & Akre, C. (2017). Sexting and the definition issue. Journal of Adolescent Health., 61, 544.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.05.009.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Dir, A. L., Cyders, M. A., & Coskunpinar, A. (2013). From the bar to the bed via mobile phone: A first test of the role of problematic alcohol use, sexting, and impulsivity-related traits in sexual hookups. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1664–1670.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.01.039.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Drouin, M., Ross, J., & Tobin, E. (2015). Sexting: A new, digital vehicle for intimate partner aggression? Computers in Human Behavior, 50(0), 197–204.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.04.001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Englander, E. K. (2015). Coerced sexting and revenge porn among teens. Bullying, Teen Aggression & Social Media, (March/April), 19–21.Google Scholar
  5. Klettke, B., Hallford, D. J., & Mellor, D. J. (2014). Sexting prevalence and correlates: A systematic literature review. Clinical Psychology Review, 34(1), 44–53.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2013.10.007.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Kosenko, K., Luurs, G., & Binder, A. R. (2017). Sexting and sexual behavior, 2011–2015: A critical review and meta-analysis of a growing literature. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 22(3), 141–160.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jcc4.12187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lippman, J. R., & Campbell, S. W. (2014). Damned if you do, damned if you don’t…if you’re a girl: Relational and normative contexts of adolescent sexting in the United States. Journal of Children and Media, 8(4), 371–386.  https://doi.org/10.1080/17482798.2014.923009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Van Ouytsel, J., Van Gool, E., Walrave, M., Ponnet, K., & Peeters, E. (2017). Sexting: Adolescents’ perceptions of the applications used for, motives for, and consequences of sexting. Journal of Youth Studies, 20(4), 446–470.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13676261.2016.1241865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Temple, J. R. (2015). A primer on teen sexting. JAACAP Connect, 2(4), 6–8.Google Scholar
  10. Temple, J. R., & Choi, H. (2014). Longitudinal association between teen sexting and sexual behavior. Pediatrics, 134(5), e1287–e1292.  https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-1974.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. Walrave, M., Ponnet, K., Van Ouytsel, J., Van Gool, E., Heirman, W., & Verbeek, A. (2015). Whether or not to engage in sexting: Explaining adolescent sexting behaviour by applying the prototype willingness model. Telematics and Informatics, 32(4), 796–808.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2015.03.008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joris Van Ouytsel
    • 1
  • Michel Walrave
    • 1
  • Koen Ponnet
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jeff R. Temple
    • 4
  1. 1.University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Communication StudiesIMEC-MICT, Ghent UniversityGhentBelgium
  3. 3.Department of Communication StudiesUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  4. 4.University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tara DeLecce
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA