Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Low Birthweight and Preterm Infants

  • Daphne Blunt BugentalEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1900-1



Infants who are smaller or have a lower gestational period than is normative.


Low birthweight and preterm status of infants is an international source of concern, as is reflected in the priority placed on this issue by UNICEF and the World Health Organization. Although the death rates of such children are much higher in undeveloped countries, they also are a source of concern for many national agencies in the USA (e.g., US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). By their shared definition, infants born before 37 months of gestation or who weigh less than 5.5 lb are at risk for early health problems and a variety of long-term health, behavioral, and learning problems.

Doster et al. (2008) provided specific examples of the long-term outcomes of a large sample (N = 903,402) of low birthweight and preterm infants in Norway. They found that surviving children were more likely...


Preterm Infant Cerebral Palsy Maternal Depression Postpartum Depression Depressed Mother 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychological and Brain SciencesUniversity of CaliforniaSanta BarbaraUSA