Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Hostile Masculinity

  • Tiffany D RussellEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1827-1


A latent personality construct comprised of aggressive, defensive, and narcissistic traits and a tendency to derive sexual gratification from dominating and controlling women. Hostile masculinity predicts sexual and nonsexual violence against women, and it is one of the two proximal trait constellations directly predicting male sexual violence against women in Malamuth et al.’s (1991) Confluence Mediational Model of Sexual Aggression.


The Confluence Mediational Model of Sexual Aggression (CMM or Confluence Model) is a multifactorial, evolutionary-based model of sexual violence perpetration first proposed by Malamuth (1986). This groundbreaking model has proven robust in cross-sectional, longitudinal, and laboratory studies, and it has been replicated in a variety of populations, including incarcerated, university, and community samples of men (for a review, see Malamuth and Hald 2016). The central premise of the CMM is that two major constellations, hostile...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryHarvard Medical School/McLean Hospital, Harvard UniversityBelmontUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Brian B Boutwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint Louis UniversitySaint LouisUSA