Manipulative Use of Kin Terminology
Humans use language to recognise kin, and this ability can be extended to fictive kin such as close friends and ideological allies. Our closest genetic family ties, denoting one-half degree of genetic relatedness (“sister”, “brother”, “father”, “mother”, “child”), are typically used to signal strong social bonding and manipulate group identity. More distant terminology, denoting one-fourth to one-eigth degree of relatedness such as “cousin”, “aunt” and “grandparent”, appears to be less frequently used. Cross-generational terms denote respect and dominance, while within-generational terms signal solidarity and closeness. The use of fictive linguistic kin terms is a major strategy in the institutional manipulation of individuals.
Our first strong attachments are typically formed to parents and siblings. The connotations of these terms have made their metaphorical use common throughout cultures. The aim is...
KeywordsMuslim Brotherhood Strong Social Bonding Everyday Social Life Biological Family Member Cooperative Breeding System
- Chagnon, N. A. (1988). Male Yanomamö manipulations of kinship classifications of female kin for reproductive advantage. In L. Betzig, M. B. Mulder, & P. Turke (Eds.), Human reproductive behaviour: A Darwinian perspective (pp. 23–49). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Hughes, A. L. (1988). Evolution and human kinship. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Johnson, G. R. (1986). Kin selection, socialization, and patriotism: An integrating theory. Politics and the Life Sciences, 4, 127–154.Google Scholar
- Qirko, H. N. (2011). Fictive kinship and induced altruism. In Salmon, C. & Shackelford, T. K. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of evolutionary family psychology (pp. 310–328). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Qirko, H. N. (2013). Induced altruism in religious, military, and terrorist organizations. Cross-Cultural Research, 47(2), 131–161.Google Scholar
- van den Berge, P. (1981). The ethnic phenomenon. London: Prager Publishers.Google Scholar