Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Human Behavioral Ecology

  • Masahito MoritaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1380-1



An evolutionary approach to human behavior, and its outcomes, that attempts to understand the adaptation at the phenotypic level in a current ecological and social environment.


Human behavioral ecology (HBE) is one of the major approaches in evolutionary behavioral sciences. HBE investigates adaptation of human behavior, and its outcomes, in a current environment in terms of the theory of fitness maximization. HBE covers a variety of research topics (the whole of life history, for example: foraging, livelihood, mating, reproduction, parental care, health, cooperation, and sociality), study subjects (people in traditional small-scale, pre-industrial, historical, and modern developed societies), and methodologies (ethnographic fieldwork, interviews, questionnaires, experiments, statistical analyses of secondary datasets, and mathematical...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Evolutionary Anthropology Lab, Department of Biological SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan

Section editors and affiliations

  • Douglas Sellers
    • 1
  1. 1.Penn State Worthington ScrantonScrantonUSA