Habituation is a process of diminishing responsiveness due to the presentation of a repeated stimulus.
Habituation constitutes an essential process of behavioral adaptation, as it assists in filtering out the large amounts of information received from the surrounding environment that are likely irrelevant or less important, thus shifting attention to more important to survival or urgent information. The latter gives an evolutionary advantage as a result.
Several influential nonassociative theories have historically been proposed Thompson (2009). These theories constitute the early work of Sokolov (1960) and Wagner’s (1979) revision of Konorski’s Gnostic Hypothesis, and Groves and Thompson’s (1970) dual process theory.
Sokolov (1960) was the first to propose a comprehensive theory of habituation (“Stimulus-Model Comparator Theory”). In short, Sokolov’s theory stated that when a stimulus...
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