Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

Editors: Jay Lebow, Anthony Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Adlerian Family Therapy

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_577-1

Introduction

Alfred Adler (1870–1937) was one of the first psychiatrists to use a systemic approach in psychotherapy (Carich and Willingham 1987). Adler pioneered a holistic approach to therapy highlighting the complexities of family dynamics and the nature of goal-oriented behavior. Adler’s work also underscores the importance of community feeling and the necessity of a cooperative attitude among community members. He recognized that individuals are socially embedded organisms each striving to enhance quality of life while overcoming states of burden and unpleasantness (Adler 1935). Adler recognized the importance of early childhood experiences in setting the foundation of the individual’s style of life, including the establishment of personal convictions, beliefs, feelings, and values.

Adler, along with his students and colleagues, established over thirty Child Guidance Clinics throughout the area of Vienna, Austria, during the early decades of the twentieth century (Dreikurs 1958)....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Adler, A. (1935). Fundamental views of individual psychology. International Journal of Individual Psychology 1(1), 5–8. Retrieved from https://journal-of-individual-psychology.scholasticahq.com/
  2. Anderson, T., Ogles, B. M., Patterson, C. L., Lambert, M. J., & Vermeersch, D. A. (2009). Therapist effects: Facilitative interpersonal skills as a predictor of therapist success. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 755–768. doi:10.1002/jclp.20583.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ansbacher, H. L., & Ansbacher, R. R. (1956). The individual psychology of Alfred Adler. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  4. Carich, M. S., & Willingham, W. (1987). The roots of family systems theory in individual psychology. Individual Psychology, 43(1), 71. Retrieved from https://journal-of-individual-psychology.scholasticahq.com/
  5. Carlson, J., Watts, R. E., & Maniacci, M. P. (2006). Adlerian therapy: Theory and practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Christensen, O. C. (2004). Adlerian family counseling (3rd ed.). Minneapolis: Educational Media Corp.Google Scholar
  7. Dinkmeyer, D., Pew, W., & Dinkmeyer, D. (1979). Adlerian counseling and psychotherapy. Monterey: Brooks.Google Scholar
  8. Dreikurs, R. (1958). The challenge of parenthood (rev. ed.). New York: Hawthorn.Google Scholar
  9. Dreikurs, R. (1967). Psychodynamics, psychotherapy, and counseling. Chicago: Alfred Adler Institute of Chicago.Google Scholar
  10. Duncan, B., Miller, S. D., Hubble, M., & Wampold, B. E. (Eds.). (2010). The heart and soul of change: Delivering what works (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  11. Evans, T. D., Dedrick, R. F., & Epstein, M. J. (1997). Development and initial validation of the encouragement scale (educator form). The Journal of Humanistic Education and Development, 35, 163–174. doi:10.1002/j.2164-4683.1997.tb00366.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Neukrug, E. (2010). Counselling theory and practice. Brooks/Cole. Pacific Grove, CA.Google Scholar
  13. Norcross, J. C. (Ed.). (2011). Psychotherapy relationships that work (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Phelps, R. E., Tranakos-Howe, S., Dagley, J. C., & Lyn, M. K. (2001). Encouragement and ethnicity in African American college students. Journal of Counseling & Development, 79, 90–97. doi:10.1002/j.1556-6676.2001.tb01947.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Watkins, C. E., & Guarnaccia, C. A. (1999). Introduction: The future of psychotherapy training: Psychodynamic, experiential, and eclectic perspectives. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(4), 381–383. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199904)55:4<381::AID-JCLP1>3.0.CO;2-I.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Watts, R. E., & Shulman, B. H. (2003). Integrating Adlerian and constructive therapies: An Adlerian perspective. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  17. Wong, Y. (2015). The psychology of encouragement: Theory, research, and applications. The Counseling Psychologist, 43(2), 178–216. doi:10.1177/0011000014545091.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Adler InstituteColumbiaUSA