Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

Living Edition
| Editors: Jay Lebow, Anthony Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

African Americans in Couple and Family Therapy

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_428-1

Name of Family Form

African Americans in Couple and Family Therapy

Synonyms

Introduction

African Americans, unlike most ethnic groups who immigrated to America in search of freedom and equality, arrived involuntarily as slaves. Living in the shadow of slavery economically, politically, socially, and psychologically, African Americans often are misunderstood, stigmatized, and racially stereotyped as inferior. Due to a history of racism, discrimination, and lack of cultural understanding, African Americans are wary and underutilize mental health services. Also, disparate and inadequate treatment of African Americans has resulted in a culture of mistrust. As such, it is critically important that couple and family therapists develop knowledge of African American history and culture.

Failure to consider the historical trauma of slavery and the impact of race in African American clients’ experiences and presenting problems may cause couple and family therapists to conceptualize cases...

Keywords

Depression Posit Defend Toll 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Billingsley, A. (1992). Climbing Jacob’s ladder: The enduring legacy of African American families. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  2. Cross, W. E. (1991). Shades of black: Diversity in African-American identity. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  3. DeGruy, J. (2005). Post traumatic slave syndrome: America’s legacy of enduring injury and healing. Portland: Joy DeGruy Publications.Google Scholar
  4. hooks, b. (1981). Ain’t I a woman? Black women and feminism. Boston: South End Press.Google Scholar
  5. McClester, C. (1994). Kwanzaa: Everything you always wanted to know but didn’t know where to ask. New York: Gumbs & Thomas.Google Scholar
  6. Meltzer, M. (1984). A history in their own words: The black Americans. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
  7. Pinderhughes, E. (1998). Black genealogy revisited: Restorying. In M. McGoldrick (Ed.), Re-visioning family therapy: Race, culture, and gender in clinical practice (pp. 179–199). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  8. Russell, K., Wilson, M., & Hall, R. (1992). The color complex: The politics of skin color among African Americans. New York: Anchor Books.Google Scholar
  9. Smith, T. W. (1992). Changing racial labels: From “Colored” to “Negro” to “Black” to “African American”. Public Opinion Quarterly, 56(4), 496–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Stevenson, B. (2015). Just mercy. New York: Spiegel & Grau.Google Scholar
  11. Sudarkasa, N. (2007). Interpreting the African heritage in African American family organization. In H. P. McAdoo (Ed.), Black families (pp. 29–47). Thousand Oaks: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Walton, H., & Smith, R. C. (2008). American politics and the African American quest for Universal freedom. New York: Pearson Longman.Google Scholar
  13. Watson, M. F. (2013). Facing the black shadow. Author.Google Scholar
  14. Wyatt, G. E. (1997). Stolen women: Reclaiming our sexuality, taking back our lives. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  15. Zilber, J., & Niven, D. (1995). “Black” versus “African American:” Are whites’ political attitudes influenced by the choice of racial labels? Social Science Quarterly, 76(3), 655–664.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Drexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA