Skin Anatomy, Histology, and Physiology

  • Camila Sampaio Ribeiro
  • Fabiano Leal
  • Thiago JeunonEmail author
Reference work entry
Part of the Clinical Approaches and Procedures in Cosmetic Dermatology book series (CAPCD, volume 1)


Increasingly, patients are requesting information and treatments to ameliorate the effects of skin aging. Skin aging is a biological process determinated by endogenous and exogenous factors. Cosmetic interventions may have a significant impact on the health and well-being of patients. Over the last years, several antiaging strategies have been developed, and doctors must be up to date with these constant advances. Interventions, for the facial aging mainly, may be categorized into four “Rs” of facial rejuvenation: resurfacing (chemical peels, dermabrasion, microneedling, and ablative and non-ablative lasers), redraping (the various pulling and lifting facial surgical procedures), relaxing (chemodenervation with paralytic agents), and replacement/recontouring (the use of filling agent for superficial and deep soft tissue augmentation). However, before delving into the techniques to perform cosmetic procedures, it is essential to have full knowledge of the histology, physiology, and topographic particularities of the skin. This first chapter is also the first and essential step for the construction of your knowledge on cosmetic procedures. So, make sure you understand every detail before you move forward.


Anatomy Histology Physiology Skin 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camila Sampaio Ribeiro
    • 3
  • Fabiano Leal
    • 1
  • Thiago Jeunon
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Dermatology and PathologyHospital Federal de BonsucessoRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Postgraduate Program in Health SciencesUniversidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil

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