Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

Living Edition
| Editors: Peter Bobrowsky, Brian Marker

Lacustrine Deposits

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12127-7_179-1

Synonyms

Definition

Lakes are dynamic and complex systems, whose depositional processes and sedimentation are affected by climatic and tectonic events (Scott et al. 2012 and the references herein). In addition, the great physicochemical variability among lakes, in terms of origin, size, morphology, catchment size, and water biochemistry influence the nature and the rate of lacustrine deposits ’ formation (Schnurrenberger et al. 2003). The lake system , in comparison with other depositional environments such as rivers, is characterized by low energy (Rust 1982). This depositional condition allows the fine particles to settle out with a variable organic component, making lacustrine sediments prevalently characterized by silt, fine sand, and clay mixtures . Nevertheless, near the margin, the lake system presents higher-energy depositional environments, such as alluvial and fluvial-lacustrine features (i.e., alluvial fans, alluvial floodplain and deltas). For these reasons,...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Engineering and Geology Department (InGeo)University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti-PescaraChieti Scalo/ChietiItaly