Astronaut Selection – Medical Standards
In this entry, the history of medical screening standards for the selection and retention of professional astronauts is examined. The evolving views on risk and human factors are discussed in their relationship to changing screening and selection criteria, and current selection standards are discussed.
There are many risks inherent to human spaceflight; safeguards are put into place in an attempt to mitigate the risks of each mission operation. One safeguard that has received significant attention and revision over the years of the US space program is the development and implementation of medical screening standards for the selection and retention of astronauts. Medical screening procedures have been designed with the intent of identifying potential crewmembers at the lowest risk possible for in-flight medical conditions that might compromise the successful completion of a spaceflight operation and the objectives within or which might affect the safety of the other...
- Bailey S, McKenna M, Taylor L, George K (2018) Assessing Telomere Length and Telemorase Activity in Twin and Unrelated Astronauts, presented at the HRP Investigator’s Workshop: Gateway to Mars, Galveston, TXGoogle Scholar
- Bogomolov VV, Castrucci F, Comtois JM et al (2007) International Space Station medical standards and certification for space flight participants. Aviat Space Environ Med 78(12):1162–1169Google Scholar
- Feinberg A, Rizzardi L, Feinberg J, et al. (2018) Comprehensive Analysis of Differential Epigenetic Effects of Space Travel on Monozygotic Twins, presented at the HRP Investigator’s Workshop: Gateway to Mars, Galveston, TXGoogle Scholar
- Mason C. (2018) The Epigenetic and Transcriptional Dynamics of Long-Term Human Space Travel, presented at the HRP Investigator’s Workshop: Gateway to Mars, Galveston, TXGoogle Scholar
- NASA Johnson Space Center (1977) Space and life sciences Directorate. Medical evaluation and standards for astronaut selection: NASA class I pilot astronaut. Report No: JSC-11569. Johnson Space Center, HoustonGoogle Scholar
- NASA Johnson Space Center (1997) Space and life sciences Directorate. NASA medical standards selection and annual medical certification: payload specialist – class III. Report No: JSC-25396. Johnson Space Center, HoustonGoogle Scholar
- NASA Johnson Space Center (2011) Space and life sciences Directorate. NASA Medical Evaluation Documents (MED) Volume C: Medical standards and certification procedures of spaceflight participants, International space station program, Rev 3.1. Report No: JSC-SSP-50667. Johnson Space Center, HoustonGoogle Scholar
- Office of the Chief Health and Medical Officer (OCHMO) (2007) 80771201MED NASA crew members medical standards volume 1 – selection and periodic certification. NASAGoogle Scholar