Encyclopedia of Bioastronautics

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurence R. Young, Jeffrey P. Sutton

Astronaut Selection – Medical Standards

  • Smith L. JohnstonEmail author
  • Rebecca S. Blue
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10152-1_48-1

Definition

In this entry, the history of medical screening standards for the selection and retention of professional astronauts is examined. The evolving views on risk and human factors are discussed in their relationship to changing screening and selection criteria, and current selection standards are discussed.

There are many risks inherent to human spaceflight; safeguards are put into place in an attempt to mitigate the risks of each mission operation. One safeguard that has received significant attention and revision over the years of the US space program is the development and implementation of medical screening standards for the selection and retention of astronauts. Medical screening procedures have been designed with the intent of identifying potential crewmembers at the lowest risk possible for in-flight medical conditions that might compromise the successful completion of a spaceflight operation and the objectives within or which might affect the safety of the other...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Johnson Space CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Aerospace Medicine and Vestibular Research LaboratoryThe Mayo Clinic, ArizonaScottsdaleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Michael W. Bungo
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of Texas Health Science CenterHoustonUSA