Encyclopedia of Bioastronautics

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurence R. Young, Jeffrey P. Sutton

Space Biomedical Instrumentation

  • Gary E. StrangmanEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10152-1_25-1

Definition

Space biomedical instrumentation (SBI) covers all devices used for biomedical monitoring, diagnosis, countermeasures, and therapy in astronauts, including relevant environmental sensors (e.g., radiation, CO2, water quality, etc.)

Introduction

Prior to the first spaceflights, one could only speculate what might happen to humans in weightlessness. Many dangerous hypotheses were considered, ranging from an inability to swallow to an inability to see. As a result, starting with the very first human spaceflights of Yuri Gagarin and Alan Shepard, biomedical instrumentation has been used onboard both Russian and US spacecraft to medically monitor crewmembers, and to investigate and quantify the physiological effects of spaceflight. Gagarin’s flight included devices to measure electrocardiography (ECG) and pneumograms (PG), while Shepard was monitored for ECG, respiratory rate, and body temperature. Blood pressure measures were added in subsequent flights, thereby providing standard...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Space MedicineBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Peter Norsk
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Space Life SciencesUSRAHoustonUSA