Managing Behavioral Health in Space
Behavioral health in space is the practical application of aerospace psychiatry and aerospace psychology techniques to positively influence the mental well-being of astronauts, cosmonauts, and their family members.
Space flight possesses unique stressors in an unforgiving environment. Behavioral health is currently ranked second to the risk of space radiation exposure as a potential impediment to a successful exploration class mission. Lessons learned have revealed that prior Russian space flight missions have been terminated early due to psychological decrement. Therefore, it is critical to have in place a comprehensive and integrated program to prevent, detect, assess, and manage behavioral health issues in human space flight.
Several human space flight missions in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s produced issues with behavioral health due to psychological factors. In 1974, the crew of Skylab III expressed displeasure with their excessive workload and...
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