Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Jews of the Middle East in Latin America: Migrations, Identities, and Religiosities

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_381-1

Definition

The Jews of the Middle East who settled in Latin America from the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth came mainly from the eastern provinces of the former Ottoman Empire, particularly from Syria, Lebanon, and Palestine as well as from Egypt. The causes that led to these first migratory flows were mainly economic, in search of better horizons in the New World. On the other hand, the factors that motivated migrations from the 1940s onwards became more political and associated with the Arab-Israeli conflict and decolonization processes in the region.

Introduction

The presence of Jews in the Middle East dates back millennia. After the expansion of Islam, like other religious minorities tolerated and protected, they enjoyed a certain autonomy, constituting a differentiated and particular element in the region. However, they were also perceived as an integral part of their environment, manifesting a high sense of regional belonging. So it is that they...

Keywords

Community borders Identities Middle East Jews Religiosity Sephardi 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maestría de Diversidad CulturalUniversidad Nacional Tres de Febrero (UNTREF)Buenos AiresArgentina