Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Jewish Immigration to Chile During the Holocaust Years

  • Eva Goldschmidt Wyman
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_211-1

Definition

Hitler’s rise to power in the 1930s drove many German Jews to try to escape. Many fled to South America; some 13,000–15,000 were accepted into Chile. This was despite anti-Semitism among Chilean consular officials; many were blocking Jews’ applications. The 1938 election of Aguirre Cerda changed Chile’s course and brought a brief opening for Jews just as Europe was moving toward war. A strong Nazi presence in Chile awaited the arriving Jews, stemming from the presence of many ethnic German immigrants and their descendants. Contributions by the German Jews include new industries and methods.

Introduction: Restricting Immigration of Jews During the Holocaust

Most Latin American nations were open to Jewish immigration and to immigration in general between 1918 and 1933. After that year, when Jews needed desperately to get out of Europe and looked for a refuge in Latin America and other parts of the world, there began a resistance to letting them enter. Between 1933 and 1945,...

Keywords

Holocaust immigration to Chile Jewish immigration to Chile Holocaust immigration to Latin America 
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References

Books and Dissertations

  1. Converse ChK (1990) The rise and fall of Nazi influence among the German Chileans. PhD dissertation, Georgetown UniversityGoogle Scholar
  2. Farías V (2000) Los Nazis in Chile. Seix Barral, BarcelonaGoogle Scholar
  3. Goldschmidt Wyman E (2013) Escaping Hitler: a Jewish haven in Chile. University of Alabama Press, TuscaloosaGoogle Scholar
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Chapters in Books

  1. Böhm G (1994) Judíos en Chile: Un informe confidencial de la Embajada Alemana en Santiago, June 1939. In: Proceedings of the eleventh world congress of Jewish studies, JerusalemGoogle Scholar
  2. Levine R (1987) Adaptive tragedies of Jews in Latin America. In: Leiken J, Gilbert WM (eds) The Jewish presence in Latin America. Allen and Urwin, Boston, p 62Google Scholar

Journals

  1. Haring CH (1939) Chile moves left. Foreign Aff 17:621, 624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Klein M (2004) The Chilean Movimiento Nacional Socialista, the German Chilean Community, and the Third Reich, 1932–1939: myth and reality. Americas 60(4):589–616Google Scholar
  3. Levy R (1948) El Verdadero Aporte de la Economía Chilena. JudaicaGoogle Scholar
  4. Nes-El M (1982) Inmigración Judía a Chile durante 1929–1939. Coloquio 4, #7. SantiagoGoogle Scholar
  5. Weinfeld E (1939) El Antisemitismo en America Latina. JudaicaGoogle Scholar

Online Document

  1. Refuge in Latin America, in US Holocaust Museum Encyclopedia. www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?

Archives

  1. Archivo Nacional de Chile, Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores, vols 4209, 4134, 4202Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LAJSA – the Latin American Jewish Studies AssociationNormalUSA