Jewish Immigration to Chile During the Holocaust Years
Hitler’s rise to power in the 1930s drove many German Jews to try to escape. Many fled to South America; some 13,000–15,000 were accepted into Chile. This was despite anti-Semitism among Chilean consular officials; many were blocking Jews’ applications. The 1938 election of Aguirre Cerda changed Chile’s course and brought a brief opening for Jews just as Europe was moving toward war. A strong Nazi presence in Chile awaited the arriving Jews, stemming from the presence of many ethnic German immigrants and their descendants. Contributions by the German Jews include new industries and methods.
Introduction: Restricting Immigration of Jews During the Holocaust
Most Latin American nations were open to Jewish immigration and to immigration in general between 1918 and 1933. After that year, when Jews needed desperately to get out of Europe and looked for a refuge in Latin America and other parts of the world, there began a resistance to letting them enter. Between 1933 and 1945,...
KeywordsHolocaust immigration to Chile Jewish immigration to Chile Holocaust immigration to Latin America
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