Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Ibn Khaldūn

Born: 27 May 1332, Tunis
Died: 17 March 1406, Cairo
  • Audrey BorowskiEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_796-1


Along with Herodotus and Thucydides, Ibn Khaldūn is generally perceived as one of the founding fathers of the social sciences and historiography. He began his life deeply immersed in the political world of his time occupying various governmental posts before eventually withdrawing from public life and penning the work he is perhaps best remembered for, the Muqqadimah.

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Primary Literature

  1. Khaldun, Ibn. 1980. The Muqaddima: An Introduction to History. trans. F. Rosenthal. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Ahmad, Zaid. 2003. The epistemology of Ibn Khaldun. London and New York: Routledge Curzon.Google Scholar
  2. Ahmad, Zaid. 2006. Ibn Khaldun. In The biographical encyclopedia of Islamic philosophy, ed. Olivier Leaman, 199–204. London: Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
  3. Al-Azmeh, Aziz. 1981. Ibn Khaldun in modern scholarship: A study in orientalism. London: Third World Centre.Google Scholar
  4. Baali, Fuad. 1992. Social institution: Ibn Khaldun’s social thought. New York: University Press of America.Google Scholar
  5. Campanini, M. 2005. Studies on Ibn Khaldun. Milan: Polimetrica.Google Scholar
  6. Enan, M.A. 1993. Ibn Khaldun: His life and work. Lahore: SH Muhammad Ashraf.Google Scholar
  7. Fakhry, Majid. 1985. A history of Islamic philosophy. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fakhry, Majid. 2004. A history of Islamic philosophy. 3rd ed. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Fischel, W. 1952. Ibn Khaldun and Tamerlane. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  10. Hourani, Albert. 1991. A history of the Arab peoples. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Irwin, Robert. 1997. Toynbee and Ibn Khaldun. Middle Eastern Studies 33: 461–479.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Issawi, C. 1986. An Arab philosophy of history. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Khaldun, Ibn. 1959. Shifa al-sa’il li tahdhib al-masa’il (the healing of the seeker for the refinement of [spiritual] problems). Beirut: Imprimerie Catholique.Google Scholar
  14. Khaldun, Ibn. 1979. Al-Ta‘rif bi Ibn Khaldun wa rihlatu-hu gharban wa sharqan (The biography of Ibn Khaldun and his journey [to] the West and the East). Beirut: Dar al-kitab al-lubnani.Google Scholar
  15. Khaldun, Ibn. 1987. An Arab philosophy of history: Selections from the prolegomena of Ibn Khaldun of Tunis (1332–1406). Princeton, PA: The Darwin Press.Google Scholar
  16. Lacoste, Yves. 1984. Ibn Khaldun: The birth of history and the past of the third world. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  17. Lakhsassi, A. 1996. Ch. 25. Ibn Khaldun. In History of Islamic philosophy, ed. S.H. Nasr and O. Leaman, 350–366. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  18. Mahdi, Muhsin. 1957. Ibn Khaldun’s philosophy of history: A study of the philosophic foundation of the science of culture. London: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  19. Rosen, Lawrence. 2002. The culture of Islam: Changing aspects of contemporary Muslim life. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Rosenthal, E.I.J. 1958. The theory of the power-state: Ibn Khaldun’s study of civilization. In Political thought in medieval Islam. An introductory outline. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rosenthal, Franz. 1987. Ibn Khaldun. In The encyclopedia of religion, ed. M. Eliade, 565–567. New York: The Macmillan Company.Google Scholar
  22. Toynbee, Arnold J. 1948. A study of history. Vol. III. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of OxfordOxfordUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vasileios Syros
    • 1
  1. 1.Finnish Center of Political Thought & Conceptual ChangeJYVÄSKYLÄN YLIOPISTOFinland