Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi


  • Timothy KircherEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_584-1


This entry examines the humanist articulation of three key philosophical relations: being and seeming, virtue and fortune, and stasis and mutability. These relations address matters of epistemology (knowing), ethics, and ontology (reality). Humanists, when grappling with these concerns, resorted to alternative approaches. They identified reality on the basis of the stability of reason, which could ground an objective view of things. In this sense, they became finders of wisdom. Or, as seekers of wisdom, they acknowledged the transience of phenomena, which they confronted in their awareness of illusion and limited vision. If they grounded their role as objective expositors of the truth of things on the traditional concept of the animal rationale, they also celebrated the new force of the homo ludens, the philosopher at play, who participates in the unveiling of reality through masking and seeming, and also intersubjectively, through conversations with others.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guilford CollegeGreensboroUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Teodoro Katinis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Literary StudiesGhent UniversityGhentBelgium