Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius

Born: 14 September 1486, Nettesheim (Cologne)
Died: 18 February 1535, Grenoble
  • Andrea StrazzoniEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_547-1

Abstract

Agrippa was the main expounder of the occult philosophy, which is the knowledge of the hidden causes of things and is finalized to their manipulation by magic. Magic, in turn, is the highest form and the end of philosophy. According to his De occulta philosophia, magic is threefold: natural (concerning sublunar world), celestial (concerning stars and heavenly intelligences), and divine (concerning God and higher angels). It consists of the manipulation of concrete objects and of the summoning of intelligences and God, which is performed on the basis of the precepts of the Kabbalah. Agrippa’s overall aim was to purify magic from its necromantic and irrational components: this would enable the restoration of the prelapsarian condition of man (in accordance with the Hermetic ideal of deification) and a Christian reform of culture. The critique of philosophical knowledge and of every science, presented in Agrippa’s De vanitate, and his critique to the subordination of woman typical of Scholastic theology, contained in the De nobilitate foeminei sexus, are functional to these ends.

Keywords

French Court Imperial Historiographer Canonical Interpretation Scholastic Philosophy Natural Magic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

Primary Literature

  1. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1529. De nobilitate et praecellentia foeminei sexus. Expostulatio cum Joanne Catilineti super expositione libri Joannis Capnionis de verbo mirifico. De sacramento matrimonii declamatio. De triplici ratione cognoscendi Deum liber unus. Dehortatio gentilis theologiae. De originali peccato disputabilis opinionis declamatio. Regimen adversus pestilentiam. Antwerp: Michael Hillenius Hoochstratanus.Google Scholar
  2. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1530. De incertitudine et vanitate scientiarum et artium, atque excellentia verbi Dei declamatio. Antwerp: Johannes Grapheus.Google Scholar
  3. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1533. De occulta philosophia libri tres. s.l (Cologne), s.n. First complete edition.Google Scholar
  4. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1534. De beatissimae Annae monogamia, ac unico puerperio propositiones abbreviatae et articulatae. Defensio propositionum praenarratarum contra quondam Dominicastrum earundem impugnatorem. Quaedam epistolae super eadem materia. S.l. (Cologne): s.n.Google Scholar
  5. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1958. Dialogus de homine, ed. by Paola Zambelli. Rivista critica di storia della filosofia 13: 47–71Google Scholar
  6. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1990. De nobilitate et praecellentia foeminei sexus. Édition critique d’après le texte d’Anvers 1529, ed. Roland Antonioli and Charles Béné. Geneva: Librairie Droz.Google Scholar
  7. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1992. De occulta philosophia libri tres, ed. Vittoria Perrone Compagni. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  8. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 1996. Declamation on the Nobility and Preeminence of the Female. ed. and Trans. Albert Rabil Jr. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  9. Agrippa, Heinrich Cornelius. 2005. De triplici ratione cognoscendi Deum. In Ermetismo e Cristianesimo in Agrippa Il ‘De triplici ratione cognoscendi Deum’, ed. Vittoria Perrone Compagni. Florence: Polistampa.Google Scholar

Secondary Literature

  1. Blum, Paul Richard, and Wolf-Dieter Müller-Jahncke. 2010. Agrippa von Nettesheim (1486–1535): Philosophical Magic, Empiricism, and Skepticism. In Philosophers of the Renaissance, ed. P.R. Blum, 124–132. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.Google Scholar
  2. Lehrich, Christopher I. 2003. The language of demons and angels. Cornelius Agrippa’s occult philosophy. Leiden: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Marc Poel, Van der. 1997. Cornelius Agrippa: The humanist theologian and his declamation. Leiden: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Nauert, Charles. 2011. Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim. In Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/agrippa-nettesheim/. Accessed 2 Mar 2016.
  5. Perrone Compagni, Vittoria. 1982. Una fonte di Cornelio Agrippa: il ‘De harmonia mundi’ di Francesco Giorgio Veneto. Annali dell’Istituto di Filosofia – Università di Firenze 4: 45–74.Google Scholar
  6. Perrone Compagni, Vittoria. 1997. Riforma della magia e riforme della cultura in Agrippa. I castelli di Yale: Quaderni di filosofia 2: 115–140.Google Scholar
  7. Perrone Compagni, Vittoria. 2000. ‘Dispersa intentio’. Alchemy, Magic and Scepticism in Agrippa. Early Science and Medicine 5(2): 160–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Perrone Compagni, Vittoria. 2005. Ermetismo e cristianesimo nei primi scritti di Cornelio Agrippa. In Ermetismo e Cristianesimo in Agrippa. Il ‘De triplici ratione cognoscendi Deum’, ed. Vittoria Perrone Compagni, 5–77. Florence: Polistampa.Google Scholar
  9. Perrone Compagni, Vittoria. 2006. L’innocenza di Eva. Retorica e teologia nel «De nobilitate foeminei sexus» di Agrippa. Bruniana & Campanelliana 12(1): 59–80.Google Scholar
  10. Perrone Compagni, Vittoria. 2009. Tutius Ignorare Quam Scire: Cornelius Agrippa and Scepticism. In Renaissance scepticisms, ed. Gianni Paganini and José R. Maia Neto. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  11. Zambelli, Paola. 1970. Cornelio Agrippa, Erasmo e la teologia umanistica. Rinascimento 10: 29–88.Google Scholar
  12. Zambelli, Paola. 1992a. Cornelius Agrippa, ein kritischer Magus. In Die okkulten Wissenschaften in der Renaissance, ed. August Buck, 65–89. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.Google Scholar
  13. Zambelli, Paola. 1992b. The “Speculum Astronomiae” and its enigma: Astrology, theology and science in Albertus Magnus and his contemporaries. Dordrecht: Kluwer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Zambelli, Paola. 2007. White magic, black magic in the European Renaissance. Leiden/Boston: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Zika, Charles. 1976. Reuchlin’s de verbo mirifico and the magic debate of the late fifteenth century. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 39: 104–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Antichistica, Lingue, Educazione e Filosofia (A.L.E.F.)Università degli Studi di ParmaParmaItaly
  2. 2.National Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia