Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Gregoras, Nikephoros

Born: 1291 or 1295, Herakleia Pontike
Died: November 14, 1357 or 1359, Constantinople
  • Sergei MarievEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_49-1


Nikephoros Gregoras was a Byzantine historian and philosopher. A native of Herakleia Pontike on the Black Sea, he moved to Constantinople at a very young age and received there his literary and philosophical education. He was a close friend of and later an intellectual heir to Theodoros Metochites (1270–1332). From the outbreak of the Hesychast controversy (around 1341) in Byzantium until his death, he was a staunch anti-Palamite. After becoming monk in 1351, he advanced to the position of a spiritual leader of the anti-Palamite movement. His most important work is his Romaike Historia (Roman History). He never wrote a treatise dedicated exclusively to philosophical subjects, but a number of his works contain extensive treatment of philosophical questions. In the dialogue Phlorentios or on Wisdom, he criticizes the syllogistic techne and discusses a number of issues pertaining to Aristotle’s natural philosophy.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Byzantine Studies, Byzantine Art History and Modern Greek PhilologyLudwig-Maximilian University of MunichMunichGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Vasileios Syros
    • 1
  1. 1.Finnish Center of Political Thought & Conceptual ChangeJYVÄSKYLÄN YLIOPISTOFinland