Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Timpler, Clemens

Born: 1563/1564, Stolpen (Meissen/Saxony)
Died: 28 February 1624, Steinfurt (Westphalia)
  • Joseph S. FreedmanEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_279-1


Clemens Timpler (1563/4–1624) was a Reformed Protestant and professor of philosophy at the Gymnasium illustre Arnoldinum in Steinfurt (Westphalia). He was an independent and innovative thinker. His textbook on metaphysics, first published in 1604 and reprinted at least eight times by 1616, was his most influential work. He was best known for his view that All that is Intelligible (omne intelligible) – and not entity (ens) – is the subject matter of metaphysics. His influence was hampered in part because virtually none of his contemporaries agreed with his views concerning All that is Intelligible. His writings were cited – both critically and uncritically – during his lifetime and for many decades following his death.


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Primary Literature

  1. The following monograph-length publications – cited briefly below – are cited in full in Freedman (1988):Google Scholar
  2. Metaphysicae systema methodum (Steinfurt 1604).Google Scholar
  3. Additional authorized imprints: Hanau 1606, 1608, 1612, and 1616 – Additional unauthorized imprints: Lich 1604, Marburg 1607, Frankfurt am Main 1607 and 1612. All imprints thereof beginning with the Hanau 1606 imprint included his Technologia … de natura et differentiis artium liberalium.Google Scholar
  4. Physica seu philosophiae naturalis systema methodicum … pars prima, complectens physicam generalem. Hanau 1605. Additional imprints: Hanau 1607 and 1613.Google Scholar
  5. Physica seu philosophiae naturalis systema methodicum … pars secunda, complectens apsychologiam: hoc est, doctrinam de corporibus inanimatis. Hanau 1605. Additional imprint: Hanau 1609.Google Scholar
  6. Physica seu philosophiae naturalis systema methodicum … pars tertia, complectens empsychologiam: hoc est, doctrinam de corporibus animatis. Hanau 1607. Additional imprints: Hanau 1610 and 1622.Google Scholar
  7. Philosophiae practicae systema methodicum; in tres partes digestum … pars prima; complectens ethicam generalem. Hanau 1608. Additional imprints: Hanau 1612 and Frankfurt am Main 1625.Google Scholar
  8. Philosophiae practicae pars altera, complectens oeconomicam. Hanau 1610. Additional imprint: Hanau 1617.Google Scholar
  9. Philosophiae practicae pars tertia et ultima complectens politicam integram … adjectae … tabulae totius philosophiae practicae ideam complecentes. Hanau 1611.Google Scholar
  10. Logicae systema methodicum. Hanau 1612.Google Scholar
  11. Rhetoricae systema methodicum. Hanau 1613.Google Scholar
  12. Opticae systema methodicum … cui subjecta est physignomia humana. Hanau 1617.Google Scholar
  13. Exercitationum philosophicarum sectiones X. Hanau 1618.Google Scholar
  14. Additional primary sources by and pertaining to Timpler are cited in full in Freedman (1988).Google Scholar
  15. The following five disputations over which Timpler presided – which were not discovered and cataloged until after 1988 – are cited here in full.Google Scholar
  16. A copy of the following disputation is in the Gotha Forschungs- und Landesbibliothek: Timplerus, Clemens, praeses and Scheunemann, Johannes, respondens, Disputatio physica de generali concoctione et incoctione corporum perfecte mixtorum … ad calendas Februarii (Heidelbergae: Apud Abrahamum Smesmannum, 1595).Google Scholar
  17. Copies of the following four disputations are to be found in the Erfurt Universitätsbibliothek: Timplerus, Clemens, praeses and Drupwich, Henricus a, respondens, Doctrina physica de humoribus et spiritibus naturalibus corporis humani (Steinfurti: Excudebat Theophilus Caesar, 1602).Google Scholar
  18. Timplerus, Clemens, praeses and Rhamaccerus, Gerhardus, respondens, Theorematum philosophicorum decades tres. Quarum prima est metaphysica, altera physica, postrema politica (Steinfurt: Excudit Theoph. Caesar, 1614.Google Scholar
  19. Timplerus, Clemens, praeses and Muntze, Johannes, respondens, Theoria philosophica de natura et principiis physiognomiae humanae … Die 16. Marii Juliani (Steinfurti: Excudit Theoph. Caesar, 1615.Google Scholar
  20. Timplerus, Clemens, praeses and Dornbergius, Gerardus, respondens, Theoria physica, de sensu in genere, certis thesibus comprehensa … publica censura subjiciet 24. Julii (Steinfurti: Excudit Theoph. Caesar, 1616.Google Scholar

Secondary Literature

  1. Secondary literature appearing prior to the year 1988 is cited inGoogle Scholar
  2. Freedman, Joseph S. 1988. European academic philosophy in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. The life, significance, and philosophy of Clemens Timpler (1563/4-1624). Studien und Materialien zur Geschichte der Philosophie, 2 vols. Hildesheim: Georg Olms.Google Scholar
  3. The following important monograph cited therein is also noted here: Wundt, Max. 1939. Die Deutsche Schulmetaphysik des 17. Jahrhunderts. Heidelberger Abhandlungen zur Philosophie und ihrer Geschichte 29. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr (Siebeck).Google Scholar
  4. Also refer to the following more recent literature:Google Scholar
  5. Blank, Andreas. 2008. Justice and the eclecticism of protestant ethics, 1580–1610. Studia Leibnitiana 40(2): 223–238.Google Scholar
  6. Denningmann, Susanne. 2009. Frühaufklärung in Steinfurt?: Logik-Unterricht im 17. Jahrhundert, In Zwischen Schulhumanismus und Frühaufklärung: Zum Unterricht an westfälischen Gymnasien 1600–1750. Westfalen in der Vormoderne 3, ed. Hellekamps, Stephanie, 77–101. Münster: Aschendorff.Google Scholar
  7. Freedman, Joseph S. 1988. “Die Karriere und Bedeutung von Clemens Timpler (1563/4-1624)” 400 Jahre Arnoldinum 1588–1988, 69–77. Greven: Eggenkamp.Google Scholar
  8. Freedman, Joseph S. 2004. The soul (anima) according to Clemens Timpler (1563/4-1624) and some of his Central European Contemporaries. In Scientia et artes. Die Vermittlung alten und neuen Wissens in Literatur, Kunst und Musik, 791–830. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrosowitz.Google Scholar
  9. Freedman, Joseph S. 2008. Die Debatte um Frauen und Gender in der Schulphilosophie des 16. und 17. Jahrhunderts. Der Fall Clemens Timpler (1563/4-1624), In Friederike. Heißer Streit und kalte Ordnung. Epochen der “Querelles des femmes” zwischen Mittelalter und Gegenwart, ed. Hassauer, 206–217. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Freedman, Joseph. 2009a. The godfather of ontology? Clemens timpler, “All that is Intelligible”, academic disciplines during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, and some possible ramifications for the use of ontology in our time. Quaestio. Yearbook on the History of Metaphysics 9: 3–40.Google Scholar
  11. Freedman, Joseph S. 2009b. Necessity, contingency, impossibility, possibility, and modal enunciations within the writings of Clemens Timpler (1563/64-1624). In Spätrenaissance Philosophie in Deutschland 1570–1650, Frühe Neuzeit, vol. 24, ed. Martin Mulsow, 293–317. Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag.Google Scholar
  12. Lamanna, Marco. 2013. La nascità dell’ontologia nella metafisica di Rudolph Göckel (1547–1628). Europaea memoria. Reihe 1, Studien 97. Hildesheim: Olms.Google Scholar
  13. Sdzuj, Reimund. 2011. Clemens Timpler. Killy Literaturlexikon. 2. Auflage. Bd. 11, 544–545. Berlin: Walter De Gruyter.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History and Political ScienceAlabama State UniversityMontgomeryUSA