Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Gessner, Conrad

Born: 16 April 1516, ZurichDied: 13 December 1565, Zurich
  • William M. BartonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_1097-1

Abstract

Conrad Gessner numbers among Switzerland’s most celebrated polymaths. Best known for his work as a bibliographer and zoologist, Gessner was also a gifted philologist, botanist, and paleontologist, whose contributions to these fields – and many more besides – were widely recognized in his lifetime. As a teacher, scholar, and physician, Gessner’s rich network of acquaintances and correspondents made him one of the best-connected intellectuals of early modern Zurich. Gessner’s work in both recovering ancient knowledge and advancing contemporary understanding of the natural world made for a remarkable scholarly profile even in the mid-sixteenth century. The reception of Gessner’s work and his approach especially in Switzerland established a tradition of natural historical research which extended to figures such as Johann Jakob Wagner (1641–1695), Johann Jakob Scheuchzer (1672–1723), Albrecht von Haller (1708–1777), and beyond.

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References

Primary Literature

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ludwig Boltzmann Institut für Neulateinische StudienInnsbruckÖsterreich

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hiro Hirai
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for the History of Philosophy and ScienceRadboud Universiteit NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands