Encyclopedia of Tourism

2016 Edition
| Editors: Jafar Jafari, Honggen Xiao


  • Janet MomsenEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-01384-8_4

Agritourism brings together two sectors of the world economy: agriculture, one of the oldest industries now declining in terms of  employment, and tourism, one of the most rapidly expanding industries. The potential for creating synergistic relationships between the two has been widely recognized by planners and policymakers, but realizing the benefits has proved difficult (Torres and Momsen 2011). Furthermore, there is growing evidence that the two industries often vie for  resources such as land, labor, water, and  investment. This competition is detrimental to local agriculture and rural communities. Demand for labor may lead to out-migration from the countryside to  tourist resorts, leaving behind underutilized farmland in the countryside.

With shifting global consumption patterns and  attitudes toward food, the tourism  industry has opened up new opportunities for producers in terms of food tourism,  wine tourism, and specialized niche market food production for tourist...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human EcologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA