Advertisement

Celebrating Diversity

The Right to Exercise Religion in Public Schools in South Africa
Living reference work entry
  • 52 Downloads
Part of the Global Education Systems book series (GES)

Abstract

In this chapter, the authors consider how the rights to freedom of religion and substantive equality, as concretized in the South African Constitution and equality legislation, should be harmonized in the context of the exercise of religion in public schools. We use a legal analytical approach in considering how South African courts are currently dealing with the concept of “celebrating diversity” and how they should be solving these disputes: a descriptive and normative legal approach, in other words.

Keywords

Freedom of religion Equality Substantive equality Public schools Equality legislation Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act 4 of 2000 

References

  1. Albertyn, C. (2007). Substantive equality and transformation in South Africa. South African Journal on Human Rights, 23, 253–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Albertyn, C., & Goldblatt, B. (1998). Facing the challenge of transformation: Difficulties in the development of an indigenous jurisprudence of equality. South African Journal on Human Rights, 14, 248–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bato Star Fishing v Minister of Environmental Affairs 2004 4 SA 490 (CC).Google Scholar
  4. Brink v Kitshoff NO 1996 4 SA 197 (CC).Google Scholar
  5. Christianson, M. A., McGregor, M., & van Eck, B. P. S. (2017). The right to equality in employment: Non-discrimination (chapter II of the EEA). In A. van Niekerk & N. Smit (Eds.), Law at work (pp. 117–160). Cape Town: Lexis Nexis Butterworths.Google Scholar
  6. City Council of Pretoria v Walker 1998 2 SA 363 (CC).Google Scholar
  7. Corp. of the Canadian Civil Liberties Assn v. Ontario (Minister of Education) (1988), 64 O.R. (2d) 577 (Ont. H.C.J).Google Scholar
  8. De Vos, P. (2015). Religion in schools: Time to decolonise our education. https://constitutionallyspeaking.co.za/religion-in-schools-time-to-decolonise-our-education/. Accessed 27 Feb 2018.
  9. De Waal, E., Mestry, R., & Russo, C. J. (2011). Religious and cultural dress at school: A comparative perspective. Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal, 14, 62–217.Google Scholar
  10. Fraser v Children’s Court, Pretoria North 1997 2 SA 261 (CC).Google Scholar
  11. Harksen v Lane NO and Others 1997 11 BCLR 1489 (CC).Google Scholar
  12. Hodgson, T. F. (2017). Religion and culture in public education sphere in South Africa. In F. Veriava & A. Thom (Eds.), Basic education rights handbook – Education rights in South Africa (pp. 188–204). Johannesburg: Section 27.Google Scholar
  13. Jooste v Score Supermarket Trading (Pty) Ltd (Minister of Labour intervening) 1999 2 SA 1 (CC).Google Scholar
  14. Klare, K. (1998). Legal culture and transformative constitutionalism. South African Journal on Human Rights, 14, 146–188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kok, A. (2001). The promotion of equality and prevention of unfair discrimination act: Why the controversy? Tydskrif vir die Suid-Afrikaanse Reg, 2, 294–310.Google Scholar
  16. Kok, A. (2017). The promotion of equality and prevention of unfair discrimination act 4 of 2000: How to balance religious freedom and other human rights in the higher education sphere. South African Journal of Higher Education, 31, 25–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. MEC for Education: KwaZulu- Natal and Others v Pillay 2008 1 SA 474 (CC).Google Scholar
  18. Minister of Finance v Van Heerden 2004 6 SA 121 (CC).Google Scholar
  19. Minister of Home Affairs v Fourie 2006 1 SA 524 (CC).Google Scholar
  20. My Vote Counts NPC v Speaker of the National Assembly and Others 2016 1 SA 132 (CC).Google Scholar
  21. National Coalition for Gay and Lesbian Equality and Another v Minister of Justice and Others 1999 1 SA 6 (CC).Google Scholar
  22. Organisasie vir Godsdienste-Onderrig en Demokrasie v Laerskool Randhart and Others 2017 3 All SA 943 (GJ).Google Scholar
  23. President of the RSA v Hugo 1997 4 SA 1 (CC).Google Scholar
  24. Radebe and Others v Principal of Leseding Technical School and Others 2013 ZAFSHC 111.Google Scholar
  25. S v Lawrence, S v Negal; S v Solberg 1997 4 SA 1176 (CC).Google Scholar
  26. South African Police Service v Solidarity obo Barnard 2014 10 BCLR 1195 (CC).Google Scholar
  27. The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights.Google Scholar
  28. The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996.Google Scholar
  29. The Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Rome, 4.XI. 1950.Google Scholar
  30. The Department of Basic Education ‘National Policy on Religion and Education’, 2003.Google Scholar
  31. The Department of Basic Education ‘National Guidelines on School Uniform’, 2006.Google Scholar
  32. The ILO Discrimination (employment and occupation) convention 111 of 1958.Google Scholar
  33. The Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act 4 of 2000.Google Scholar
  34. The South African Schools Act 84 of 1996.Google Scholar
  35. Van der Walt, J. (2011). Religion in education in South Africa: Was social justice served? South African Journal of Education, 31, 381–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Venter, F. (2012). Religion in the classroom: Comparative observations. South African Public Law, 27, 433–453.Google Scholar
  37. Zylberberg v. Sudbury (Board of Education) (1986), 55 O.R. (2d) 749 (Ont. Div. Ct.).Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa
  2. 2.Department of Jurisprudence, Faculty of LawUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations