Accommodating Comprehensive Sexuality Education within the Grades R–3 Curriculum in South Africa

Living reference work entry
Part of the Global Education Systems book series (GES)


According to the AIDS Foundation of South Africa, sub-Saharan Africa is the region profoundly affected by HIV and AIDS and AIDS-related illnesses. There is also an increase in the rate of child sexual abuse around the world. To avoid children from being sexually abused, there is a need to provide awareness through a comprehensive sexuality education program at the school level. The Comprehensive Sexuality Education Program should start from the early grades. Comprehensive Sexuality Education is described as an instruction method based on a curriculum that aims to give learners sexuality education knowledge, attitudes, skills, and values to make appropriate and healthy choices in their sexual lives. Furthermore, a curriculum-based process of teaching and learning includes a focus on the emotional, cognitive, physical, and social dimensions of the learner. The Foundation Phase Life Skills subject is where concepts and skills related to comprehensive sexuality education can be introduced and strengthened. Learners can receive age- and grade-appropriate knowledge and ideas. Through comprehensive sexuality education program, early grade learners will be empowered with the knowledge and skills to make the right decisions related to their healthy sexual and reproductive lives later in adolescence. Through accommodating and strengthening comprehensive sexuality education in the curriculum, it is envisaged that learners will become aware of sexuality issues, especially those who present themselves as risky behaviors. Comprehensive Sexuality Education is also the holistic approach taken to support the incorporation of sexuality education content within the Life Skills Curriculum in the early grades.


Comprehensive Sexuality Education Early grades Curriculum South Africa 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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