Educational System Obstruction Consequence in the Political Volatility

Comparative Assessments Somalia and Djibouti
Living reference work entry
Part of the Global Education Systems book series (GES)


Before the arrival of the Eurocentric education system to Africa, the Horn of Africa had a vibrant education pattern designed to cultivate religious and societal norms. With the arrival of the colonizers, the education system was significantly interrupted and replaced by British, French, and Italian education system in a fragmented manner. However, internal rivalry and geopolitics could not allow any colonial attempt to sync European education systems into society. As a result, the Indigenous system aborted, and Eurocentric education systems have not succeeded in shaping the nations as required. Besides, the Horn of Africa was and still is the most volatile sub-region because of its geopolitics and historical controversies over the colonial boundaries. The Djibouti and Somalia are among the Horn of Africa countries that are affected by the disruption of education systems. This paper argues that lack of epistemological transformation traditional knowledge system created a gap in governance, cultural, and religious tolerance in the sub-region. This article tries to assess the historical education development analyses both in Djibouti and Somalia. The assessment is predominantly interested in how the interruption of the education system escalates the volatility and lack of peace in the region and, in particular, in Somalia. The government policy direction and how impediment occurred. Furthermore, this paper aims at elaborating how collaborative language and education policy is vital in harmonizing political and economic unification, trade, and economic development. The paper employed a qualitative research method and comparative assessment to explore the educational policy gap in both countries.


Djibouti Education policy Epistemological transformation Indigenous knowledge and Somalia 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Political Science DepartmentUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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