Empowerment Spaces of Female School Principals in South African Township Schools

Living reference work entry
Part of the Global Education Systems book series (GES)


In this chapter, the researcher presents an alternative way of thinking that involves personal and internal strategies identified and developed by the principals to be able to address the leadership and management challenges they experience in their schools. The proposed strategy expects the female school principals to identify their own personal empowerment space, strength, and approach to cope with the daily challenges that they experience. The researcher highlights the unique abilities of the different female principals and the different self-generated energy that enables the principals to lead and manage their schools. After the introduction, the rest of the chapter is structured as follows: In the next sections, the researcher presents literature on management, leadership, and challenges as well as the strategies used by school principals to manage and lead their schools. The researcher explains the context of the study that is discussed in this chapter, which is followed by the research methodology, findings, and discussion. The chapter concludes with implications from the study.


Leadership and management Female school principals Empowerment Challenges 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of PretoriaPretoriaSouth Africa

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