2020 Edition
| Editors: Maria Rosaria Raspollini, Antonio Lopez-Beltran

Autosomal-Recessive (Infantile) Polycystic Kidney Disease

  • Anna Caliò
  • Diego Segala
  • Guido MartignoniEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-41894-6_4784


Infantile polycystic kidney disease is an autosomal-recessive disorder.

Clinical Features

  • Incidence

    It occurs in 1:6000–1:14,000 live births.

  • Age

    It affects both children and adults.

  • Sex

    Slight male predominance is reported (male-to-female ratio 2:1).

  • Site

    The kidneys are bilaterally involved.

  • Treatment

    For patients who survive infancy, approximately 50% require dialysis by age 20 due to renal failure.

  • Outcome

    Children develop arterial hypertension and end-stage renal failure. Hepatic fibrosis and biliary dysgenesis are frequent. Approximately one third die of lung hypoplasia. No association with renal neoplasms has been documented.


In this condition, the kidneys are symmetrically enlarged and retain a reniform configuration and appear diffusely sponge on section. The parenchyma exhibits cylindrical dilated collecting ducts radiating from the medulla to the cortex, their long axis perpendicular to the renal surface, obscuring the cortical-medullary junction.


This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Further Reading

  1. Zerres, K., Mucher, G., Bachner, L., et al. (1994). Mapping of the gene for autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) to chromosome 6p21-cen. Nature Genetics, 7, 429–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic and Public Health, Section of PathologyUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Department of PathologyPederzoli HospitalPeschiera del GardaItaly