Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Judaism and Psychology

  • Kalman J. KaplanEmail author
  • Matthew B. Schwartz
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_855

The Origins of Academic Psychology

The origins of twentieth-century academic psychology can be traced to E. B. Titchener’s school of structuralism or structural psychology, which itself was strongly influenced by the earlier work of Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig. Wundt was the father of the new experimental psychology (cf. Marx and Hillix 1963, p. 62) and established the first formal laboratory for psychology at the University of Leipzig in 1870, thus succeeding in giving psychology formal academic recognition and delineating it from its two parent fields, physiology and philosophy. Titchener subsequently launched structuralism in 1898 as “the psychology.”

The method for Wundt and Titchener was introspection, or the study of one’s immediate conscious experience. Consciousness was seen as the sum total of a person’s experiences at any given time and mind as the accumulation of these experiences across the life span. Titchener listed three problems for psychology that were similar to Wundt (1894...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Psychiatry and Medical EducationUniversity of Illinois in ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Department of HistoryWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA