Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Women and Religion

  • Benjamin Beit-HallahmiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_748

The Basic Findings

The greater religiosity of women, demonstrated in numerous and consistent research findings over the past 100 years, is arguably the most important fact about religion. Most research on religion is in reality research about women, who are the backbone of religion globally, and are actively supporting, maintaining, and sometimes keeping alive religious establishments, institutions, and organizations everywhere. If we do some basic ethnographic observations, and visit churches in Rome, Paris, New York City, or Moscow, we will immediately realize that (older) women make up the majority of those in attendance. Anthropological observations in India indicate that women make up the majority of those attending Hindu temples. Only in those traditions where ritual attendance by women is discouraged, such as Islam and Judaism, the majority of those attending will be men.

In the Islamic world, while women are discouraged from attending mosque services, they dominate among those...

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  1. Beit-Hallahmi, B. (in press). Women, psychological femininity, and religion. In D. M. Wulff (Ed.), Handbook of the psychology of religion. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Beit-Hallahmi, B., & Argyle, M. (1997). The psychology of religious behaviour, belief and experience. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HaifaHaifaIsrael