In 1633, Galileo Galilei was forced to his knees by the Catholic Church and, with his hands on the Bible, demanded to retract his comments that the Earth was not the center of the universe. Drawing on his years of scientific inquiry, he found that it was the Earth which rotated around the sun and not the other way around. His was a heliocentric view of the universe, not a geocentric approach. Perhaps using science to refute religious dogma was not the best approach in the 1600s, but Galileo’s search for truth knew no limits. Those near him during the inquisition heard him whisper under his breath the words, eppure si muove (and yet it moves), as he completed his testimony to the Papal See.
Eppure si muovespeaks to the issue of relative and fixed space and movement. The Church needed to see the Earth as center of the universe to justify its position of moral and spiritual supremacy. However, his utterance that “the Earth moves” urges us to reconsider the relationship between relative...
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