Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

New Testament

  • Jeffrey B. PettisEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_460

The New Testament consists of 27 writings representative of various cultural and sociopolitical backgrounds. As canonical texts they represent only a portion of early Christian scriptures and were frequently used in preaching, teaching, and worship. The Pauline letters constitute the earliest material, written in the middle of the first century CE. These include 1 Thessalonians, Philippians, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philemon, and Romans. Scholars are more divided on the authorship of Colossians, Ephesians, and 2 Thessalonians, which are attributed to Paul, although probably written near the end of the first century. The remaining writings attributed to Paul and known traditionally as the Pastoral Epistles were probably written early in the second century. These include 1 and 2 Timothy and Titus. The Pauline corpus as a whole evidences the processing of some significant and deeply felt religious experience by Paul. This processing (something Jung might refer to as the...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of TheologyFordham UniversityNew YorkUSA