Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming


  • Ali KoseEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_371

It is an Arabic and Islamic name for tomb. It is a usual practice to bury the dead since ancient times due to hygienic reasons and out of the fear of the unknown. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam upheld this custom. Though there are differences among religions regarding the nature and the condition of the tomb and how the corpse is positioned, the common goal is to make the corpse invisible. In Islam, the corpse is positioned to face the Ka’bah in Mecca toward which Muslims turn for five daily prayers. Muslims often write the words “Huva’l-Baki” on the gravestone in Arabic meaning “only God is eternal” like Christians write “Rest in Peace.”

According to Islam, the tomb is a window to the hereafter. Muslims are strongly recommended to visit cemeteries to say supplicatory prayers for the soul of the dead and also remember death, though one may send supplicatory prayers afar. The first chapter of the Qur’an, which is only seven verses, is the favorite supplicatory prayer. One who visits a...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ilahiyat FacultesiMarmara UniversitesiIstanbulTurkey