Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Jung, Carl Gustav

  • Murray SteinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_367

Carl Gustav Jung (1875–1961), the founder of Analytical Psychology, ranks as one of the major contributors to the modern psychological understanding of religion and religious experience. His signature work in this area, presented in 1936 in the annual Terry Lectures at Yale University, is Psychology and Religion.


Carl Jung was born into a traditional and unusually religious Swiss family. His father, Johann Paul Achilles Jung, was a Swiss Reformed pastor with a doctorate in Oriental languages from Göttingen University, and his mother, Emilie née Preiswerk, was the daughter of a prominent Swiss Reformed minister in Basel, Samuel Preiswerk. Jung’s early years were deeply infused with religious influences and impressions. Surrounded by church and churchmen in his childhood and growing up in ultraconservative Basel, he assimilated the prevailing religious atmosphere of Swiss Protestantism of the place and times, with its characteristic narrowly provincial views of Catholics, Jews,...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International School for Analytical PsychologyZurichSwitzerland